MAJOR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES- 1

OCDOCPD
OCD(Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a form of anxiety disorder.OCPD(Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder) is a form of personality disorder.
Signs and symptoms vary in severity over time.Signs and symptoms tend to remain the same.
Can be easily identified.Cannot be easily recognized.
The motive for unusual behaviour stems from the need to prevent an imaginary catastrophe or disaster.The motive for unusual behaviour stems from the need to be perfect.
Accept their condition and will seek medical help.Reluctant to seek medical help since they don’t see a problem in their behaviour.
Seek medical help to control their symptoms and tension on day to day activities.Seek help due to everyday conflicts and arguments with family and friends.
HYPOCHONDRIASISSOMATISATION DISORDER
A mental illness is characterised by an excessive irrational concern for one’s health and conviction in the presence of a disease for which there is no objective evidence.The presence of physical complaints over a period longer than 6 months cannot be explained by a particular disease.
Distributed equally between both sexes. Occurs most often in elderly people.Occurs more common in women, in elderly people, and in individuals with low socioeconomic status.
Preoccupation with fears of having or the conviction of having one or more progressive disorders, based on a misinterpretation of symptoms.Pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, and other gastrointestinal problems with no specific medical reason for their occurrence.
Depression, panic disorder, misunderstanding of the physical feelings and the way the body works, hereditary factors, severe health problems in the past, etc.Chronic stress.
Cognitive therapy, helping patients to rationalize their fears, and medications, reducing anxiety.Medications and/or psychotherapy, based on the severity and type of the symptoms and the age of the patients.
NEUROSISPSYCHOSIS
Personality not affected.Personality is affected.
Insight present.Insight affected.
Delusions absent.Delusions present.
Hallucinations absent.Hallucinations present.
Speech is appropriate.Disorganised speech.
Judgement and reasoning are intact.Judgement and reasoning are impaired.
ECT is not needed.ECT is very useful.
Genetic factors are less important.Genetic factors are more important.
Behaviour appropriate.Behaviour is disorganised.
Mental health issues fall just outside normal functioning but the individual is in touch with the reality and knows they’re ill.Mental health issues where the individual has lost the touch with reality and is not on a continuum with normal mental health
EPILEPTIC SEIZUREPSEUDO SEIZURE
Also known as Epilepsy.Also known as Functional Seizure, Dissociative Seizures, Psychogenic Seizures, Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Non-Epileptic Attack Disorder(NEAD).
Last for 2-3 minutes.2 minutes – many hours.
No secondary gain.Present.
Can occur anytime and anywhere.In the presence of someone (caring).
EEG disturb.EEG normal.
Sudden.Gradual.
Plantar effect (sensation when touched on feet) absent.Present.
May/may not lose consciousness.Loses consciousness.
Pupil and eyeball dilate.Absent.
Tongue biting and urinal incontinence are present.Absent.
Head injury present.Absent.
Abnormal electrical discharge in the brain.Happens for a psychological reason.
GUIDANCECOUNSELLING
MEANINGRefers to an advice/relevant piece of information provided by a superior, to resolve a problem/overcome from difficulty.Refers to professional advice given by a counsellor to an individual to help him in overcoming from personal/psychological problem.
NATUREPreventiveRemedial and curative
APPROACHComprehensive and extrovertedIn-depth and introverted
WHAT IT DOES?It assists the person in choosing the best alternative.Tends to change the perspective, to help him/her get the solution by him/herself.
DEALS WITHEducation and career-relatedPersonal and social psychological issues
PROVIDED BYAny person superior/expertThe person who possesses a high level of skill and professional training
PRIVACYOpen and less privateConfidential
MODEOne to one/one to manyOne to one
DECISION MAKINGBy guideBy the client
BASIS OF COMPARISONGuidanceCounselling
https://psychicmotivator.in/category/guidance-and-counselling/
SYMPTOMSSIGNS
VagueVisible
CovertOvert
SubjectiveObjective
Characteristic of diseaseIndicator of specific disease
Experienced and reported by the patientDoctor’s discovers signs during patient’s examination
Reported by patientReported through clinical settings
Cannot be measuredCan be measured
Patient experience about injury, illness or diseasePhysical manifestations of injury, illness or disease
Only the patient perceives or experiencesCan be felt, heard, or seen
E.g.: Tiredness, dizziness, pain, chills, fever, nausea etc.E.g.: Blood pressure, pulse rate, temperature etc.
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